A Short Treatise of
Note: this Renascence
Editions text was transcribed by Risa S. Bear, December 2000, from
the 1932 Shakespeare Association facsimile of the edition of 1591. Any
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Compyled for the delight of Noble
men and Gentlemen, by Sir Thomas
london by Thomas Orwin
for Thomas Woodcocke, dwelling in Paules
Churchyard at the signe of the
black Beare. 1591.
To the Right
Honorable and my
singular good Lord the Earle of Shrews-
burie: Sir Thomas Cockaine Knight, wi-
sheth increase of all honorable vertues.
Aving (right Honorable) at the instance
of divers my especiall good friends,
penned this short Pamphlet of my owne experience in hunting. And
entring into consideration how greatly I am bounden to the Nobilitie of
this land; Reason challenged a speciall affection in me to preferre the
patronage thereof to your honorable Lordship before any other, as well
in respect I had the originall of my said experience vnder your most
noble Grandfather (whose seruant I was in my yonger yeares, and brought
vp in his house) as also in regard that I haue receaued many
extraordinary fauours, both from your said most noble Grandfather, from
my honourable good Lord your father, and lastly and most especially
from your selfe (my good Lord); who knowing me a professed Hunter, and
not a scholler, I make no doubt but your Lordshippe wil afford my
plainnes herein your fauourable liking. And so (my good Lord) wishing
you as honorable sucesse in all your vertuous actions as your
Lordshippe can desire or imagine; I humblie take my leaue of your good
Lordship. From my house neere Ashborne
this last of December. 1590.
Your honorable Lordships ma-
ny waies so bounden:
T hath bin long receiued for a truth, that Sir Tristram,
one of King Arthures Knights, was the first writer and (as it
were) the founder of the exact knowledge of the honorable and
delightfull sport of hunting; whose tearmes in Hunting, Hawking, and
measures of blowing, I hold to be the best and fittest to be vsed. And
these first principles of Sir Tristram yet extant, ioyned with
my owne long experience in Hunting for these fiftie two yeares now last
past, haue mooued me to write more at large, of hunting the Bucke and
other Chases, than Sir Tristram did. And for the first
commendation of Hunting, I find (Gentlemen) by my owne experience in
Hunting, that Hunters by their continuall trauaile, painfull labour,
often watching, and enduring of hunger, of heate, and of cold, are much
enabled aboue others to the seruice of their Prince and Countrey in the
warres, hauing their bodies for the most part by reason of their
continuall exercise in much better health, than other men haue, and
their minds also by this honest recreation the more fit and the better
disposed to all other good exercises. And for proofe hereof, I can not
giue you a better instance than that most noble Gentleman the Earle of Cumberland
now liuing; who by reason that hee hath vsed hunting with hounds euen
from his youth hetherto, is not onely in skill of hunting equall with
any Gentleman in England: but for all abilities of his bodie (which doo
awaite vpon many great gifts of the mind) as fit to be a noble Souldier
for his countrey, or rather a most notable Generall for any Army
whatsoeuer either by Sea or Land, as any man is in Europe of his
calling whatsoeuer. And here I can[n]ot but reme[m]ber, that once being
on a hu[n]ting iourney with that most honorable Gentlema[n] Ambrose
the late Earle of Warwicke, and now deceased; I heard him say
before diuers Noble men and Gentlemen of great qualitie then in that
companie; that amongst all the sorts of men that he had conuersed
withall in his life, he neuer found any better or more honest
companions than Hunters and Falkoners. I could here say much more in
praise of this notable exercise of hunting; by which in many other
Countries men haue been and yet are often deliuered from the rauine
& spoile of many wild beasts; as namely of Lyons, of Beares, of
Woolues, and of other such beasts of pray; and here in England from the
hurt of Foxes and of other rauenous vermine. But the disport being of
it selfe sufficiently commendable and able to say for it self, against
all the carping speaches of the enemies thereof (if any such may be
found amongst Gentlemen) I hope this labour of mine only taken in hand
for your delight, shall passe with your most fauourable censure
thereof. And so with my praier that both you and I may liue and dye in
the Lord, I bid you all hartely farewell; with this caution, that this
disport of hunting bee vsed by you only as a recreation to enable both
your bodies and minds thereby to better exercises, & not as an
occupation to spend therein daies, moneths, and yeres, to the
hinderance of the seruice of God, her maistie or your Countrey. From my
house neere Ashborne this last of December. 1590.
short Treasie of Hunting: com-
pyled for the delight of Noblemen and
Gentlemen, by Sir Thomas
A very good note for
any yong Gentleman, who
will breed Hounds to hunt the Foxe.
must breed foureteene or fifteene couple of small Kibble hounds, lowe
and swift, and two couple of Terriars, which you may enter in one
yeare, by this rule following.
The order to
enter yong Hounds at
Ou must borowe one couple of old Foxe hounds of some
Gentleman, or Yoman, who vseth to hunt the Foxe: and when your hounds
bee full twelue moneth and a quarter olde, and that your Huntsman hath
chastized them surely from sheepe, then may you take your seruants with
you, and goe to some Couert, where you heare there is a litter of Foxe
Cubbes; where stopping all the holes, sauing two or three, which must
be set with Foxe pursenets, to take a yong Cubbe, to make your Terriars
withall. Then must you cast off your couple of old Hounds to finde the
Cubs, which being found, you must cast off all your whelpes to them
foorth of the cooples, and foresee that none of them haue hunted either
the Hare or Conie before.
The order to be
obserued in hunting
By that time you haue killed halfe a skore Cubbes in this
sorte in seuerall Couerts or Woods, and haue taken two or three quicke
Cubbes to make your Terriars withall, you will finde your Hounds well
This order of entring your whelps should be begun a
fortnight or three weekes before Bartholmew day, and continued
vntill the feast of All Saints.
He[n] you haue entred your whelps (as before is said) you
must chuse out of your foreteene couple two couple to bee trailors of
an olde Foxe and finders of him. The rest of the hounds must bee kept
in couples by your seruants, and made so obedient, that no Hound shall
breake the couples, or offer to goe away to the finders, vntill the
Huntsman doe perfectly vnderstand that the Hounds be cast off before
[they] haue found the Foxe: and then may he vncouple all the hounds
that he hath to the finders, but two couple of the slowest, which must
be kept to followe the Huntsman his heeles, in great obedience to the
man, with one couple of the best Terriars. The other couple of your
Terriars should bee vsed to hunt with the rest of the hounds.
The order how to
make your Terriars.
The old Foxe being well breathed is so forcible a chase,
as euery Hunstman his part is to hew him, or backe him into the Couert
againe, when hee offereth to breake the same, and to hallowe him and
helpe the Hounds wheresoeuer he can, and to comfort them both with
voyce & horne, that all travailers passing that way, may know it is
a Foxe that is hunted.
And this tast I will giue you of the the flying of this
chase, that the Author hereof hath killed a Foxe distant from the
Couert where hee was found, foureteene miles aloft the ground with
By that time either Noble man or Gentleman hath hunted
two yeares with one packe of Hounds, the same will hunt neither Hare
nor Conie, nor any other chase saue a vermine.
OU must make a Trench of seauen yards long, two foote
broade within, and then make a crosse Trench ouer the same of fiue
yards long, and so little crosse Trenches in the same of an ell long so
conueyed, that one run into another, couer al your Trenches with Clods
or Turffes, and leaue foure holes open at the ends thereof for ayre.
Then put in your Foxe Cub, and at the same hole put in one of your
Terriars, and when the same hath found the Cubbe, you may helpe him
with another, and if you finde those too weake you may put in the other
couple also: but you must make sure that your Terriars at the first be
well eased and kill the Cubbe. By that time your Terriars haue kild a
dosen Cubbes in this sort in the earth, they will fight very boldly:
and being thus made will prooue excellent good. But you must beware
that you fight them not if they bee bitten, till they be whole againe.
And you must haue speciall care in the seeking out a right kinde of
them: for there is great difference in the breede of your Terriars, and
great choise to be made of them, both for their hardie fighting and
The order how to
breede your Hounds for the
Hare, and other chases.
must you bee most carefull in breeding your Hounds both for shape and
making, and foresee you harken them foorth of such a kinde as bee
durable, well mouthed, cold nosed, round footed, open bulked, and well
let downe there, with fine stearnes and small tayles. The Brach and
Hound being thus well chosen to breede vpon, your man must be very
carefull in the time of the Braches pride that no other dogg come to
her but one, and he must serve her but three times.
How to enter your
A Brach is nine daies entergellying, nine daies full
proude, and nine dayes in drying vp: all which time she must bee kept
with meate and water very carefully vnder locke and key in the kennell,
and be walked euery day half an houre abroade in a line, and her
kennell shifted euery weeke once. And it were very necessarie before
you breed your whelps, that you should see your breeding Hounds recouer
a chase very farre fled afore, and driue and sticke at the marke, and
not fling about: and then may you be bold to breede foureteene or
fifteene couple of whelps that will serue you to hunt foure seuerall
chases, that is, the fine and cunning Hare, the sweet sented Roe, the
hot sented Stag, and the bubling Bucke when he groweth wearie.
Hen your whelps be full twentie moneths old and a
quarter, then must you begin to enter them at Michaelmas in manner and
The order how to
hunt the Hare when you
You must borrowe two or three couple of fine Hariots,
such as will hunt a Hare cunningly to the seate, and when your Hounds
haue found the outgate of a Hare from the pasture, and bee of a perfect
single gate: then must you haue foure men with foure whelps in lines,
which haue been a little entred before at Conies, and surely chastized
from sheepe, and other cattell. Such as leade the whelps must come in
and let the whelps feele the sent in the soyle of the old Hounds feete
that be before them. And all those that leade the whelps must still
come neere the olde Hounds till the Hare be start, and not cast off
their whelps but vse this course a weeke together, and crosse and
meete, and let the whelps alwaies feele the sent in the soyle of the
olde Hounds feete, and in one week being well applied, those whelps
will bee made to spend their mouthes fast in the line, which you may
then let loose and take others, and vse in the same order with them: so
that by All Saints day you shall haue entred all your whelps.
Some doo vse to enter their whelps in couples, which
manner of entring I doo not so well like of as in the lines for two
causes. The one, for that they will range abroad more at libertie, than
if they were led in lines. The other, for that being in couples the one
will draw forward, the other backward, and neuer prooue so errant or
earnest hunters as the other that be entered in lines: for the Huntsman
may helpe the whelpe he hath in the line with putting downe his finger
or staffe to the ground, where he seeth the old Hounds haue taken the
haue entred your whelps.
OU must choose out the plainest ground you can find neere
vnto you, and take with you to the field three Huntsmen, which must
obserue this order, both to the seate and when the Hare is found. After
your whelps are all let loose, and haue found their noses, your chiefe
Huntsman must followe the hounds straight, and your other two must goe
the one sixe score yards wide of the hounds on the one side, and the
other as farre wide on the other side: to the end if any yong hound put
out of either side, he may bee beaten in againe to the crie. Your
Hunstman that followeth straight must keepe himselfe eight skore yards
behind the hounds at least, that they may haue roume to vndoe a double,
and he to keepe them from countring: and at euery ouer putting off the
hounds, or small stop, euery hunstman that hath a horne ought to begin
his rechate, and before the same bee ended the hounds will bee in full
chase againe: and so all the time fild either with hunting or blowing.
But if the fault growe so great that none of the Huntsmen can vndoe it
with pricking of the high waies, then must they goe on, and cast a
small round about the place where the Hounds stopped. And if no Hounds
take it at that cast, then must they cast a greater compasse round
about, drawing the hounds softly: and if it bee not hit then, the
hunstman should blowe a call, that all that be in the field may repayre
to him, and beate for the squat of the Hayre.
How to hunt the
If she be recouered by any Huntsman or hounds, and
afterwards take a flocke of sheepe, or as the manner of the plaine or
filden countrey is, take a heard of Swine or of beasts, & the
Huntsman cast past the foyle, and the hounds hit of the sent againe
either ouerthwart the fallowes, or vpon a cold wet moorish ground: then
doth it come to cold hunting, so as you shall see the hounds pinch by
footes and take it one from anothers nose: and you may not in anie wise
comfort your hounds too much when the sent is so very colde, but that
one hound may heare another. One Hare kild thus with cold hunting, is
better kild than twentie in hot chase. If vppon followes the Hare
fortune to double in rainie weather, you may helpe the hounds much by
calling them to the staues end: but you must haue regard that it bee
newe and not old, for so might you doo the hounds great wrong. I was
once in the field my selfe where I sawe a Gentleman come in by chaunce
with a Beagle, at which time the hounds were at fault by reason of a
flock of sheepe which were driuen along the high way where the Hare was
gone before: This Beagle tooke it downe the way and cride it: there
being ten or twelue couple of good hounds in the companie, and not any
of their noses seruing them, vntill the Beagle had brought it from off
the foyld ground, and then did they all fall to hunting, and recouer
the Hare which was squat, and killed her.
A good Huntman ought to blowe the death, and carry with
him a peece of bread in his sleeue to wet in the bloud of the Hare for
the reliefe of his whelps, and he ought to be carefull that all his
hounds be coupled vp, and none going loose neither to the field nor
home againe: and be sure that meate bee made in the morning to feede
them withall at euening when they come home. And this I know by my owne
experience, that the purest and finest feeding is with ground Otes put
in a tub and scalded with water: which tub being made close with a
couer, will keepe the meate hot till night.
I haue my selfe prooued all manner of other feedings, but
vsed this as the purest & best, for this fiftie two yeres: during
which time I haue hunted the Bucke in Summer, and the Hare in Winter,
two yeares onely excepted. In the one, hauing King Henry the
viii. his letter to serue in his warres in Scotland before his
Maiesties going to Bulleine. And in the other, King Edward
the vi. his letters to serue vnder Francis the Earle of Shrewsburie
his Graces Liutenant to rescue the siege at Haddington: which
Towne was then kept by that valiant Gentleman Sir Iames Wilford
Knight. God send England many such Captaines when it shall haue
neede of them.
you haue hunted the Hare al winter, and made your hounds very perfect,
you may at the beginning of March giue ouer the hunting thereof, and
then begin to hunt the Roe in manner and forme following.
How to hunt the
You must get a Huntsman who hath a good hound wherewith
he vsually findeth the Roe, to find you the Roe bucke: then must you
cast off nine or ten couple of hounds, and hunt the Roe bucke three or
foure houres, and then relieue them with fiue or sixe couple more of
your slowest sort. All Huntsmen are to helpe any hound that is cast out
to relay him in againe, and also are to hewe the Roe bucke in, both
with voyce and horne. And if he haue been hunted with other Huntsmen
before, he will prooue to make a strong chase: and therefore you may
not hunt your hounds past twise a weeke at the Roe.
When your hounds haue kild a Roe, the best man in the
companie is to take the assay, which he must doo crosse ouer the
tewell. Then must the hounds be taken away out of sight, a small space
distant for troubling the Huntsman, who must first slit the legges and
cut them off at the first ioynt: then must he slit the throte downe the
brisket to the nether end, and take the skinne cleane of: which done,
he must slit his little bellie, taking out the panch with all the bloud
in the bodie, and lay it vppon the skinne with the foure feete. If any
towne be neere hand you must send for bread, for the better reliefe of
your hounds to be broken in the bloud, which being come, your Huntsman
must let all the hounds foorth of the couples, and hallowe them to the
paunch, who must be very careful, that if any of his hounds bee
missing, he keepe somewhat to relieue them withall, and also see
diligently that euery hound that be there haue some reward.
During all the time of this rewarding your hounds, a
long note must be blowne by a Hunstman, and then all the rest that haue
hornes rechate vpon it. You must also haue one in your companie with a
sheet, that so soone as the feete of the Roe bee cut of, as aforesaide,
hee may take the bodie home, which will make delicate meate, if your
Cooke season it, lard it, and bake it well. The sent of the Roe is
sweeter to hounds than any other chase: the reason is, he hath in his
forelegge a little hole, whereat when he is hunted issueth out all his
moysture; for he sweateth not outwardly as other Deare doo, but onely
runneth foorth at that hole. This chase may you well hunt till
Whitsontide you may hearken where a Stagge liueth, either in Covert of
Wood, or Corne field, and haue him harbored for you: whereat bate ten
couple of your Hounds, and lay a relay of sixe couple at the water you
suppose he will goe to: for naturally when a Stagge is hot he desireth
the water, at which time you are to bate your sixe couple of fresh
hounds to the wearie, that haue him in the water to breake the bay. The
nature of the Stagge is to flee vp the winde, or side winde, and
therfore the hottest and most pleasant chase to hunt that is. When you
haue killed the Stagge with your hounds, the best man in the companie
must come in and take the assay, which he must begin at the brisket,
and drawe his knife straight vp betwixt the twoo foreshoulders: then
must the Foster or Keeper of the Wood come in, and take out the paunch
and bloud, and reward the hounds, striking off the Stagges hed and
giuing it to the Huntsman, which he ought to carrie home and relieue
his hounds with bread vpon it a weeke after.
How to order your
hounds before you
I had almost forgotten, that euery Huntsman which hath a
horne ought to blow his rechate when he heareth the hounds; for it is
so hot a chase, that there is no stops made in his hunting, vnlesse he
chance to get water farre before the hounds, & be gone out againe
by some drie colyway: then he perchance may be trailed coldly before he
be put from his laire againe. The Huntsman must remember to blowe at
the death of euery Stagge sixe long motes that all those which be cast
behind may come in. And after the last mote blowne, then all which haue
hornes must blowe altogether their double rechates. And so betwixt
Whitsontide and Midsomer, which amongst woodmen is called fence time,
once a weeke you may occupie your hounds in this sort, if you can finde
hunt the Bucke.
must take vp at Midsomer ten or eleuen couple of such Hounds as you
entend to hunt the Bucke withall, and let so many of them bee led in
lines as you haue Huntsmen to leade them, some one day, some an other.
They must sometimes let them loose and if they offer to goe away from
their Keeper, or raunge abroade, he must call them in to him, and make
them obedient to his voyce, & to come into him at all times, be he
on horsebacke or on foote. Your Huntsman must haue a Combe to combe the
hounds he leadeth, from fleas, and a hairecloth to rub them withall
after, to make them fine and smooth. You must beware that you offer not
to hunt the Bucke before the first day of Grasse time: for Fawnes bee
so weake, that if your Hounds should take the killing of them, you
should hardly bereaue them of it.
How to enter your
A week before you entend to hunt, you must feed your yong
hounds with chippings of bread vpon the top of an old Buckes head. And
before you hunt the Bucke, you must also breathe your hounds in an
euening or morning at the Hare: for who so hunteth vnbreathed hounds at
the Bucke first in hot weather, causeth them to imbast and surbate
greatly. When you enter your hounds at the Bucke, keepe them not too
hye in flesh till after Bartholmew tide, and then as hye as you
can. The best feeding for Bucke hounds is bread and milke: but you must
beware of giuing them newe bread, for then will they not hunt of two
must come into the parke with ten or twelue couple of hounds at the
very stirrop, hauing in your companie halfe a dosen well horsed, with
long roddes in their hands, shewe the hounds to the heard, and if any
offer to runne thereat, rate them and beate them in againe to the
stirrop. Then goe beate the brakes to finde some greater Deare, and if
any hound hunt from his fellowes, or runne at raskall, take him vp in a
line, and beating him, say, awe, ware that. Then leade him to the
stirrop againe, and there let him loose amongst his fellowes, cherish
and giue him bread, in which beating you make your hounds so obedient
to the voyce of man, that they will at euery worde come in to the
stirrop. This done, you may begin to tust for a Bucke, and finding him
single, especiallie if he rouse foorth of a great brake, put your
hounds softly vpon, for he will fall oft at the beginning: which
although the Huntsman see, yet he must giue libertie to the yong hounds
to imprime him themselues. And being sure it is his owne Deere, he may
giue one gibbet at euery imprime, and no more. When your hounds haue
forced him that he falles to flying single, and the Huntsman spie him
in any thick copie or great brake, he may say (he that, he that) once
and no more, which is knowledge to the other Huntsmen, that he seeth
him, and all Huntsmen as the Deere groweth wearie, must forbeare to
hallowe, for a hallowe doth breake the crie, and the wearie Deere at
any time making his doubles, and the hounds a little stopping, all
which haue hornes must begin their rechates, which before they haue
ended, the hounds will haue vndone the dubble and bee in full chase
againe: so that all the time will be fild either with hunting or
How to hunt the
Stagge after the end
A good Huntsman at the Bucke must ride fast, to see what
his hounds doo hunt, he must not hallowe but when the Bucke he hunteth
either is in the heard, or that some other Buckes of the same yeare bee
with him. If your hounds chance to stop or be at default, and then any
huntsman hap to meete their hunted Deere single, let him blow a short
call that his fellowes next to the hounds may draw them towards him on
the seate. So that by a hallowe the Huntsmen may knowe their wearie
Deere is in the heard, and by blowing the priuie call that he is gone
single away. If you hunt a buck in any Parke, and be fortune to leape
the pale, then must the Huntsman next to the hounds blow three shorts
and a rechate vppon it: so by that meanes all the companie may knowe
that their hunted Deere is gone out of the Parke.
A good Huntsman must likewise at the first casting off
his hounds, take a speciall marke of the Bucke he hunteth by his head:
for diuers Buckes haue sundrie slots in their palmes: some haue slots
on both sides: other some are plaine palmed without any aduauncers with
long spillers out behinde: the most Buckes haue some kenspeck marke to
knowe them by vpon their heads.
If you hunt a Buck wearie in the beginning of
Grasse-time, and your hounds chaunce to checke and loose him, it is
then somewhat hard for a young Huntsman to know him by his head, before
it be full Soomned. Yet note this for your better experience, when your
wearie Deere hath rested and laine a while, if you then fortune to
finde him againe, he will close vp his mouth as though he had not been
imbosted or hunted that day, making a bragge and setting vp his single;
yet this secret knowledge you must haue to knowe him by, he will swell
vnder the throate bigger than an egge, when he closeth his mouth: his
coate also will stare and frise so vppon him, as you may easely knowe
him thereby. And if you force him a little with a horse or hound, hee
will presently lay downe his single, whereby you may easely perceiue
his wearines. Now, if it chaunce that your hounds doo breake, and one
part hunt one companie of Deere, and the other part another companie,
wherein your wearie Deere is, your Huntsman ought so soone as he
espieth it to blow halfe a rechate, that the others may stay the hounds
that hunt false, and bring them in againe to the wearie Deere, and then
the Huntsmans part is to applie the hounds well vntill they haue
singled the wearie Deere againe: which done, they may fauour their
horses and let the hounds hunt, which will make a good crie till the
death of that Bucke. You must be carefull to choose small Parks at the
first entring of your hounds, and hunt therein morning & euening
two Bucks a day: and by that time you haue kild halfe a skore Bucks in
this order, you will find that some of your yong hounds vnderstand a
wearie Deere: so that then you may hunt in greater and larger Parkes:
and towards the latter end of the yeare you may venter ouer Chases and
Forests. Keeke this packe of hounds, and the next yeare following they
will prooue singularlie cunning. And if it fortune any of them to
prooue euil either by crossing, thwarting, or running wide, you may
take them foorth and put in other yong hounds which haue hunted the
Hare the winter before: for the best Hariers prooue alwaies the best
Buck hounds, if they be fleete enough.
When you hunt in Forest, Chase or Parke, if the Deere
chance to get aduantage of your hounds, & become cold fled, then is
the best triall of your hounds which will hunt him the coldest without
checking or hunting any other Deere. And if you haue a couple of good
hounds that you be sure will not chaunge, hunt to those and not to any
other: so are you like to recouer your wearie Deere. One Deere so
kilde, is better than a dosen in hot chase, and it will also make your
hounds to become trailors of a weary Deere.
Grasse time is ended, and that you giue ouer hunting the Bucke, then
you may for a fortnight after hunt the Stagge. But your Huntsmen must
be carefull to be in, when he is readie to dye, and houghsnew him with
their swords, otherwise he will greatly endaunger your hounds his head
is so hard.
Howe to hunt the
huntsman early in the morning before he bring foorth your houndes, must
goe to the water; and seeke for the new swaging of an Otter, & in
the mud or grauell finde out the sealing of his foote, so shall he
perceiue perfectly whether hee goe vp in the water or downe: which
done, you must take your houndes to the place where he lodged the night
before; and cast your traylors off vpon the trayle you thinke best;
keeping your whelps still in the couples: for so must they be entred.
I was very well acquainted with the hunting hereof both
in Parke, Forest and Chase, by the meanes of those honorable Gentlemen Francis
Earle of Huntington, and the Marques of Northampton now
deceased, who if either of them had heard of a Stagge lying in an out
wood farre from the Forest, Chase or Parke, whereof he was, would
presently repaire with twentie couple of hounds to the place where he
were harbored, and bee sure to send ten couple of the slowest to the
relay foure miles of: to which sport for the most part I was sent to
await vpon them.
Such Huntsmen as follow this Chase must haue especiall
regard to the winde in their riding, and make sure the[y] keepe, the
side winde, or the full winde, if they can possiblie get it. So shall
they heare most braue cries, and be assured to come to the death of the
Then must there be on either side of the water two men
with Otter speares to strike him, if it bee a great water: But if it be
a small water you must forbeare to strike him, for the better making of
The Otter is chiefly to bee hunted with slow houndes
great mouthed, which to a young man is a verie earnest sporte, he will
vent so oft and put vp ouer water at which time the houndes will spend
their mouthes verie lustely: Thus may you haue good sport at an Otter
two or three houres if you list.
An Otter sometimes wilbe trayled a mile or two before he
come to the holt where he lyeth, and the earnestnes of the sport
beginneth not till he bee found, at which time some must runne vp the
water, some downe to see where he vents, and so pursue him with great
earnestnes till hee be kild. But the best hunting of him is in a great
water when the banke is full, for then he cannot haue so great succour
in his holes, as when it is at an ebbe: And hee maketh the best sporte
in a moon-shine night, for then he will runne much ouer the land, and
not keepe the water as he will in the day.
How to hunt the
wil I make and end with the hunting of the Marterne, which is the
sweetest vermine that is hunted: for when you cast off your houndes in
a close that is thick of bushes where a Marterne hath been a birding al
night, so soone as they light vpon the sent, it is so sweete that you
will meruaile what it is your hounds finde of: for they will so double
their mouthes, and teare them together, that you would thinke there
were more hounds in companie than your owne.
A speciall note
for an olde man or a lame, that
And when you haue found her, the crie is meruailous
strong, and great for halfe an howre: for she will bee alwayes neere
you, and runne rounde about you in the thickets. When she groweth
wearie she will take a tree, from whence you must put her, & that
if possiblie you can, so secretly as none of your hounds espie her, and
then will she make you fresh sporte againe for a quarter of an howre.
You shall haue no such cries at any chase that is hunted: because your
hounds stoup lowe for the sent and haue the sweete wype of her.
loueth hunting, and may not
wel follow the hounds.
must marke how the winde standeth, and euer keepe downe the same, or at
the least the side wind of the houndes. If he once loose the winde of
the houndes, he is very like to loose the sporte for that daye if it be
in the plaine or fielden countrey.
Thus haue I wearied you with reading this pamphlet of my
own experience; praying you to beare with the rudenes of the same; for
the Author thereof is a professed hunter, and not a scholler: and
therefore you must not looke to haue it decked either with eloquence or
when you goe into the field, blowe with one winde one short, one long
and a longer.
To blow to the
To blowe to the coupling of the Hounds at the kennell
doore, blowe with one, one long and three short.
The second winde one long, one short, and a shorter.
BLowe with two windes: with the
first one short, o[n]e long, and two short.
With the second winde, one short, one long, and a longer.
To blow in the
WIth two windes, the first two
short, one long, and two short.
The second, one short, one long and a longer.
To vncouple the hounds in the field: three long notes and
with three windes.
To blow to seeke.
TWo windes: The first a long and a
short, the second a long.
When the Hounds
hunt after a game vn-
knowne, blow thus.
BLow the Ueline, one long, and
fiue short: The second winde, one long, and two short.
To draw from
Couert to Couert.
THree windes, two short, one long,
and two short. The second, one long and a short. The third, one long.
To blow the
earthing of the Foxe when
he is couerable.
FOure notes with foure windes. The
reliefe, one long, fiue short.
To blow if the
Foxe be not couerable.
TWo windes, one long and three
short. The second winde long.
To blow the death
of the Foxe in
Field or Couert.
THree notes, with three windes,
the rechate vpon the same with three windes. The first winde, one long
and fiue short. The second, one short and one long. The third, one long
and fiue short.
The death of the
Foxe at thy Lords gate.
TWo notes, and then the reliefe
The death of the
Bucke, either with Bowe, or
Hounds, or Grey hounds.
ONe long note.
vpon the same.
TWo short and one long.
The death of the
Bucke with Hounds.
TWo long notes and the rechate.
The prize of an
NIne notes with three rests. The
Rechate with three winds. The first, one long and fiue short. The
second one long and one short. The third, one long and sixe short.
To blow the call
of the Keepers of any
Parke or Forrest.
ONe short, one long, and a longer.
If the keeper answer you, blowe two short with one winde, and drawe
towards him. And after that blowe one short.
When the game
FOure with three winds, and the
rechate vpon the same. The stent when the Hounds can hunt no further
with three windes, the first one long and sixe short. The second one
long and one short: the third one long.
Where the Foxe is
earthed, blowe for the
Terriars after this manner.
ONe long and two short: the second
winde one long, and two short.
Note this, for it is the chiefest and principallest poynt
to be noted.
Euery long conteineth in blowing seauen quauers, one
minome and one quauer.
One minome conteineth foure quauers.
One short conteineth three quauers.
F I N I S.