Luminarium: Anthology of English Literature Tudor Rose King Henry VIII of England

King Henry VIII | Biography | Works | Portraits | Six Wives | Essays | Films | Bookstore | Posters | Links | Discussion Forum



Seventeenth Century

Eighteenth Century


Portraits of King Henry VIII: Early Depictions. Portraits of King Henry VIII: Whitehall Mural and Full-length Portraits Portraits of King Henry VIII: Holbein and His Legacy Portraits of King Henry VIII: Family Portraits

Portraits of Henry VIII: The Whitehall Mural.

The most important depiction of King Henry VIII was painted in 1537 by Hans Holbein: the Whitehall mural. Painted on a wall in the royal palace of Whitehall, it depicted King Henry VIII and Queen Jane Seymour as well as the King's parents, King Henry VII and Queen Elizabeth of York. This was the iconic representation of Henry VIII which spawned nearly every other portrait painted of him since, and the image with which we still identify him. It was a great loss to both art and history when the mural perished in the fire which destroyed most of Whitehall Palace in 1698. The story has it that a maid had left laundry to dry in front of a fire. Fortunately, King Charles II had commissioned the Flemish painter Remigius van Leemput to make a copy of the mural in 1667. Leemput's copy is now a part of the Queen's collection at Hampton Court Palace. Half of the original cartoon (a full-sized drawing on paper with holes punched in it, through which the artist could trace the outline onto the wall) also survives and is housed at the National Portrait Gallery in London.

Copy of Holbein's Whitehall Mural by Remigius van Leemput.
Copy of the Whitehall Mural, 1667.
Remigius van Leemput, after Holbein.
© The Royal Collection.
Hampton Court Palace.
Engraving after Leemput's copy of Holbein's Whitehall Mural by George Vertue.
Watercolor after Leemput's copy of the Whitehall Mural.
George Vertue, after Remigius van Leemput, 1737.
© The Royal Collection.

Full-length Portraits after the Whitehall Mural.

King Henry VIII by Hans Holbein. Cartoon for the Whitehall mural.  National Portrait Gallery.
Whitehall Mural Cartoon.
Hans Holbein, 1537.
© National Portrait Gallery.
King Henry VIII, after Holbein's Whitehall mural. Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool Museums.
King Henry VIII, 1537-1562?
Unknown, after Holbein.
© Walker Art Gallery.
King Henry VIII, after Holbein's Whitehall mural. Petworth House, the Egremont Collection.
King Henry VIII, 1537-1557?
Unknown, after Holbein.
Petworth House.
King Henry VIII, after Holbein's Whitehall mural. Parham Park.
King Henry VIII, after 1560?
Unknown, after Holbein.
Parham House.
King Henry VIII, after Holbein's Whitehall mural. The Royal Collection.
King Henry VIII, 1550-1599?
Unknown, after Holbein.
© The Royal Collection.
King Henry VIII by Hans Eworth after Holbein's Whitehall mural. Chatsworth.
King Henry VIII, 1560-1573?
Hans Eworth, after Holbein.
Chatsworth House.
King Henry VIII by Hans Eworth, c. 1567, after Holbein's Whitehall mural. Trinity College, Cambridge.
King Henry VIII, 1567?
Hans Eworth, after Holbein.
Trinity College, Cambridge.
King Henry VIII, after Holbein's Whitehall mural. Belvoir Castle.
King Henry VIII, early 17th-c?
Unknown, after Holbein.
Belvoir Castle.

Backto Henry VIII Portraits: Early Depictions
Backto Henry VIII Portraits: Hans Holbein and His Legacy
Backto Henry VIII

Site copyright ©1996-2018 Anniina Jokinen. All Rights Reserved.
  Created by Anniina Jokinen on May 23, 2009. Last updated November 11, 2018.


The Tudors

The Parents of Henry VIII
King Henry VII
Elizabeth of York

The Six Wives of Henry VIII
Queen Catherine of Aragon
Queen Anne Boleyn
Queen Jane Seymour
Queen Anne of Cleves
Queen Catherine Howard
Queen Katherine Parr

The Children of Henry VIII
Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Richmond
King Edward VI
Queen Mary I
Queen Elizabeth I

The King's Advisors
Cardinal Thomas Wolsey
Archbishop Thomas Cranmer
Thomas Cromwell
Sir Thomas More

European Monarchs
Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland
James IV, King of Scotland
James V, King of Scotland
Mary of Guise, Queen of Scotland

Mary Tudor, Queen of France
Louis XII, King of France
Francis I, King of France

Ferdinand II, King of Aragon
Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor

Pope Julius II
Pope Leo X
Pope Clement VII
Pope Paul III

English Nobility
Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk
Edward Stafford, D. of Buckingham
Thomas Howard, 3rd D. of Norfolk
John Dudley, D. of Northumberland
Thomas Boleyn, Earl of Wiltshire
George Boleyn, Viscount Rochford
John Russell, Earl of Bedford
Thomas, Lord Audley
Richard de la Pole
Thomas Seymour, Lord Admiral
Edward Seymour, Protector Somerset

Cardinal Lorenzo Campeggio
Cardinal Reginald Pole
Bishop Stephen Gardiner
Edmund Bonner, Bishop of London
Nicholas Ridley, Bishop of London
John Hooper, Bishop of Gloucester
John Aylmer, Bishop of London
John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester
Archbishop William Warham
Richard Fox, Bishop of Winchester
Edward Fox, Bishop of Hereford
William Tyndale
Hugh Latimer
William Grocyn
Thomas Linacre

Historical Events
Field of the Cloth of Gold, 1520
Dissolution of the Monasteries, 1536-40
Pilgrimage of Grace, 1536
The Siege of Boulogne, 1544
The Sweating Sickness

Tudor Legal System
Common Law
Court of Common Pleas
Court of King's Bench
Court of Star Chamber
Council of the North
Oath of Supremacy
The Act of Supremacy, 1534
The Act of Succession, 1534
The Ten Articles, 1536
The Six Articles, 1539

Royal Residences
Greenwich Palace
Hatfield House
Richmond Palace
Windsor Palace

Tudor Literature
See section
16th-century Renaissance English Literature

More at Encyclopedia

Luminarium | Encyclopedia | What's New | Letter from the Editor | Bookstore | Poster Store | Discussion Forums | Search